Friday, November 24, 2017

nVision Performance Tuning: 9. Using Compression without the Advanced Compression Licence

This blog post is part of a series that discusses how to get optimal performance from PeopleSoft nVision reporting as used in General Ledger.

Table compression can significantly decrease the size of tables and reduce the volume of I/O required to retrieve data.  Compression of the ledger, ledger budget, and summary ledger tables can significantly improve the performance of scans in nVision.
The Advanced Compression licence enables compression features to be used where segments are still updated by the application.  Without this licence, only simple table compression can be used, although Hybrid Column Compression (HCC) can only be used on an engineered system.  Neither forms of compression can be used in on-line line transaction processing mode.  A table that is marked for compression, but that is populated in conventional path mode will not be compressed.  Any compressed blocks will no longer be compressed after being updated.
However, in most systems, ledger rows cease to be updated within a month or two of the period closing.  The ledger tables will usually be partitioned by fiscal year and accounting period, so a month after the period has closed the corresponding partition will cease to be updated.  Therefore, it could then be compressed.
I usually compress historical partitions when I introduce partitioning.  This following example comes from an engineered system, so Hybrid Columnar Compression has been used.
  • There is one range partition each for the whole of fiscal years 2014 and 2015.  This data is historical and rarely queried, and then not by a single period.  A more aggressive compression QUERY HIGH has been used.  
  • Monthly partitioning is used for the previous fiscal year, 2016.  These partitions are compressed, but using QUERY LOW which should deliver better performance with lower CPU overhead than QUERY HIGH (although usually there isn't much in it).
  • Partition LEDGER_2017_05 is not partitioned because it is current (at the time of building this script) and could still be updated by the application.
CREATE TABLE sysadm.ps_ledger
(...)
TABLESPACE GLLARGE
PCTFREE 10 PCTUSED 80
PARTITION BY RANGE(FISCAL_YEAR,ACCOUNTING_PERIOD)
SUBPARTITION BY LIST (LEDGER)
(PARTITION ledger_2014 VALUES LESS THAN (2015,0) PCTFREE 0 COMPRESS FOR QUERY HIGH
(SUBPARTITION ledger_2014_actuals VALUES ('ACTUALS')
…
,SUBPARTITION ledger_2014_z_others VALUES (DEFAULT)
)
,PARTITION ledger_2015 VALUES LESS THAN (2016,0) PCTFREE 0 COMPRESS FOR QUERY HIGH
(SUBPARTITION ledger_2015_actuals VALUES ('ACTUALS')
…
,SUBPARTITION ledger_2015_z_others VALUES (DEFAULT)
)
,PARTITION ledger_2016_bf VALUES LESS THAN (2016,1) PCTFREE 0 COMPRESS FOR QUERY LOW
(SUBPARTITION ledger_2016_bf_actuals VALUES ('ACTUALS')
…
,SUBPARTITION ledger_2016_bf_z_others VALUES (DEFAULT)
)
…
,PARTITION ledger_2017_05 VALUES LESS THAN (2017,6)
(SUBPARTITION ledger_2017_05_actuals VALUES ('ACTUALS')
…
,SUBPARTITION ledger_2017_05_z_others VALUES (DEFAULT)
)
…
)
ENABLE ROW MOVEMENT
PARALLEL
NOLOGGING
/
As periods close there are more partitions that can be compressed.  However, it may not be practical to take an outage to rebuild ledger partitions each month, and it certainly isn't practical to rebuild the entire ledger table every month.  Instead, from 11g, partitions can be rebuilt in place in an online operation.  The compression attribute can only be specified on the partition, and then the sub-partitions can be rebuilt.  The data in the partition can still be read while it is being moved.
ALTER TABLE ps_ledger MODIFY PARTITON ledger_2017_05 PCTFREE COMPRESS FOR QUERY LOW;
ALTER TABLE ps_ledger MODIFY SUBPARTITION ledger_2017_05_actuals  ONLINE PARALLEL 32;
…
ALTER TABLE ps_ledger MODIFY SUBPARTITION ledger_2017_05_z_others ONLINE PARALLEL 32;
NB: Moving a partition online can fail in 12.1.0.1 or later of the database due to bug 2070300.  This is documented in MOS Doc ID 2040742.1.
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00932: inconsistent datatypes: expected NUMBER got BINARY
The bug is fixed in 12.2 and can be addressed in 12.1 by patch 2070300.

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